Toni entered the Religion department in 2015. His dissertation, Slaves of God, reads Augustine’s account of slavery through three of his Roman sources: Cicero, Seneca, and Lactantius. It uses slavery as a lens for analyzing Augustine on citizenship, law, and religion. It further argues that understanding Augustine’s conceptions of religio and vera religio can help us coordinate his commitments on slavery, law, and citizenship. This in turn helps us better grasp Augustine’s legacy with respect to the history of slavery in the Christian world and his place relative to the republican political tradition.
Some of his other recent research topics include: 1) the relationships between ancient uses of religio and modern conceptions of religion; 2) the compossibility of divine judgments and covenants within the space of moral reasons; 3) a puzzle at the heart of Thomas Aquinas’s account of justice; 4) the prospects for realism about aesthetic judgments.
Before starting in the graduate program, Toni received an M.A.R. in Ethics from Yale Divinity School and an A.B. in Religion from Princeton University.